Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) inaugurated the Academy edition (the Akademie Ausgabe) of Kant’s writings — Kant’s Gesammelte Schriften (1900- ) — in 1894-95, and served as its first editor. The fourth section of the edition, devoted to the lecture notes, has been prepared by the Göttingen Academy of Sciences in collaboration with the Berlin academy. • Inquiry concerning the Distinctness of the Principles of Natural Theology and Morality (Untersuchung über die Deutlichkeit der Grundsätze der natürlichen Theologie und der Moral, 1764; 5-301). • “Announcement of the Program of his Lectures for the Winter Semester 1765-1766” (“Nachricht von der Einrichtung seiner Vorlesungen in dem Winterhalbenjahre von 1765-1766, 1765; 5-13). • “Essays Regarding the Philanthropinum” (“Aufsätze, das Philanthropin betreffend,” 1776-77; 7-52). • Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft, 1793; 6:3-202). • The Doctrine of Right (Metaphysiche Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre, 1797; 5-355). Herder’s Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Humanity” (“Recensionen von J. Herders Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit,” 1785; -66). They are arranged topically, rather than by date of composition. 1319-1342 (0-84) reprint the fragments of the an-Minerva student notes. (v) Philosophische Moral Dilthey [an-Dilthey] (67-1316). For instance, he begins his transcription with the copy of EP 531, which begins at the top of 63r of the Menzer sheets, and Lehmann duly indicates this in the margin with a '63', but then proceeds to count each page with a new number, so that the numbering falls immediately out of sync with the actual sheet numbers of the Menzer copy (which is counting sheets, rather than pages). (i) MP K (5-812): “Theologia Naturalis.” (ms 244-293).
This was understood to be a major undertaking, and was to serve as a model for other such editions. Georg Reimer (Berlin) published the volumes until it was absorbed (along with several other publishers) by de Gruyter after WW I, who has since published the volumes. Several of the early volumes were reissued in a second edition, beginning in 1910; these were prepared rather hastily, unfortunately introducing a number of errors absent in the 1st edition (the entire text was re-set, but was not adequately proofed by the editors). • Explanatory Notes on the Metaphysical Foundations of the Doctrine of Right (Erläuternder Bemerkungen zu den metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre, 1798; 6-72). Editorial introductions are collected at the end of the volume with the notes (337-415), and are listed below after the editor’s name. The editors responsible for the texts in this volume were Heinrich Maier, Max Frischeisen-Köhler, and Paul Menzer. • Notes for the Course [Collegentwürfe] on Anthropology from the 1770s (7-798). (c) Concordance of contents of Achenwall and Naturrecht Feyerabend (63-8). The text printed at AA 1 (Lehmann’s new transcription). The italicized text is Heinze’s commentary on passages from the Prolegomena, Ontology, Cosmology, and Empirical Psychology.
; an interesting historical overview is provided by Sala .) The entire edition has been published by the Academy of Sciences located in Berlin, although with various changes in its name (Prussian Academy of Sciences, German Academy of Sciences of Berlin, Academy of Sciences of the DDR, and now the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences). • Dreams of a Spirit-Seer Elucidated by Dreams of Metaphysics (Träume eines Geistersehers, erläutert durch Träume der Metaphysik, 1766; 7-73). • On the Form and Principles of the Sensible and the Intelligible World [Inaugural Dissertation] (De mundi sensibilis atque intelligibilis forma et principiis, 1770; 7-419). • “Review of Moscati’s Book: On the Essential Bodily Difference in the Structure of Animals and Human Beings” (“Recension von Moscatis Schrift: Von dem körperlichen wesentlichen Unterschiede zwischen der Structur der Thiere und Menschen,” 1771; 3-25). • “On the Different Races of Human Beings, and to announce the lectures on physical geography for the summer semester 1775” (“Von den verschiedenen Racen der Menschen, zur Ankündigung der Vorlesungen der physischen Geographie im Sommerhalbenjahre 1775”; 9-43). This was a lecture announcement for SS 1775, and the last that we have of Kant’s. • Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft, 1788; 5:3-163). Editorial introductions are collected at the end of the volume with the notes (497-549), and are listed below after the editor’s name. A brief account of Kant’s copies of Baumgarten’s Metaphysica is given here. Some of these reflections are written in Kant’s copy of the Metaphysica, while others are on loose sheets. (f) Variant texts (05-1316) (i) Moralphilosophie Kaehler [J. (iv) Moralische Vorlesung 1791 [an-Berlin 2] (48-66). Lehmann provides page-breaks in his transcription of the Menzer copy (AA -140), but the marginal numbering that marks these breaks is of less value.
(On issues with the Academy edition, see especially Menzer , Hinske , Brandt/Stark , Stark [2000b], and Gloyna, et al. • Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics that will be able to present itself as a Science (Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik, die als Wissenschaft wird auftreten können, 1783; 5-383). Editorial introductions are collected at the end of the volume with the notes (489-544), and are listed below after the editor’s name. Jakob’s Examination of Mendelssohn’s Morgenstunden” (“Einige Bemerkungen zu Ludwig Heinrich Jakob’s Prüfung der Mendelssohn’schen Morgenstunden,” 1786; 1-55). They stem from various compositional periods, although most are early. [Schöndörffer fragments only] (ii) Philosophische Moral v. (iii) Philosophia practica Marburg [an-Friedländer 3] (20-47). This handwritten copy is now part of the Adickes Nachlaß (#4) stored at at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences archive in Berlin and consists of 231 sheets (numbered in pencil by a librarian in the bottom-right corner of the recto-side of each sheet).
A few of these problems are briefly sketched below, but the primary intent here is to offer an easy overview of the edition, with special attention paid to the volumes devoted to Kant’s lectures. These ‘Erläuterungen’ were those entries in Kant’s copy of the Metaphysica that seem more like emendations to the text, and whose meaning depends on that particular passage in Baumgarten. At the end of the 19th century and first decade of the 20th century, Paul Menzer, with the help of at least one other person, had copied out Herder’s notes from Kant’s lectures on metaphysics and physical geography — presumably all that he could find — along with a page of Herder’s notes from the logic lectures (the first page of NL-Herder XXV.37, corresponding to the text printed at AA 24: 3). (4) Fragment of a later manuscript on Rational Theology [Mrongovius 3] (23-31).